Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire terrier does not resemble itself as a working dog or ratter, originating from Yorkshire area of England.  Coming through intentional cross-breeding of a wide range of terriers, the production of Yorkies are not accidental. The Waterside terrier weighing between 6 to 20 pounds with long hair considered as one of the progenitors of this breed. This dog was ultimately brought by weavers who migrated in the mid 19th Century from Scotland to England.

Because of its humble roots, wealthy dog fanciers despised this breed. But due to its elegance, size, and beauty, this dog became the favorite choice for the British elite class.

The Yorkies seem oblivious due to their small size. For adventure, they are very eager. They are smart, loyal, brave, loyal and energetic at the same time. This breed is a lovely companion for the owners, who takes time to understand how to treat this dog. This dog is affectionate to the owner, but at the same time can become suspicious to strangers and aggressive to small animals and strange dogs. As the dog does their best to tell you what they want you to do, they can become yappy. Belonging to the real terror heritage, they need someone who understands them. Just because they are so small, they are often considered for considerate children since most of the people permit them to get away with the behaviors that no dog should display. As the dog starts to take over the house (Small Dog Syndrome), there is a change in dog’s temperament.

Yorkshire Terrier

There is need of regular grooming. Weekly clipping of coat and daily to weekly brushing and combing of hairs is a must for this dog. With ribbon, the tying of topknot at the back is done. The teeth require regular cleaning, and this breed sheds little to no hair.

A daily walk is a must for the little ones. The exercise needs to be fulfilled by the play, but it will not fulfill the primal instinct to walk. There are signs that it needs to go on for long walks if the dog zooms around the house like the speeding bullet. In a safe and open area, they will also enjoy an enjoyable romp.

This breed is prone to an eye infection, early tooth decay, slipped stifle, bronchitis and delicate digestion. Caused by herniated disks, they often have paralysis in the hindquarters, and other problems of the spine also occur in this dog. Knocking can cause fracture of the fragile bones.

Yorkies are capable and willing students. With positive reinforcement, they respond with plenty of repetition and encouragement. They love the mental challenge and stimulation which the training provides to them.  There are specific commands like sit down, fetch, stay and come taken by Yorkies.

There can be a common question regarding how much food should Yorkshire terrier eat. Since there is common fear of obesity, hence excellent and nutritious food should be given to them. The growing puppy requires food for three times a day. No human diet is prescribed for the dogs.

Pug

History, Personality, Exercise & Health Problems

Their funny face, combined with a deeply wrinkled face, and a round face, makes them the perfect candidate for a comedy show. In recent years, due to massive advertisements, these creatures are getting popular these days. The name comes from a Latin word, which means fist. They originated in China and recorded to date back to the Han dynasty. Some even relate these dogs to the Tibetan Mastiff. Their ancestors are believed to have felt their presence in places like the Emperor of China, and some were also guarded by the royal soldiers.

If one expects the dog to have qualities like hunting, retrieving, and guarding capabilities, he is sadly mistaking, like a Pug, in most will have a deprivation of these qualities. They are primarily bred to be companion dogs. Their favorite place will be the owner’s lap. They quickly get unhappy if they are deprived of their owner’s companionship for a prolonged period. They tend to have a sedentary life but doesn’t mean that they tend to stick to one place throughout the entire day. It is high on recommendation, for a potential owner always to meet at least one of the parents, to ensure that the future pup(s) is/are according to the expectations.

Pug

They naturally have a playful attitude, but needs minimum maintenance. Because of their compact size, and relatively quiet nature, they remain inactive indoors. Their bellies are prone to develop unnecessary celluloid, thus needs a modest dose of exercise, targeted towards that area. If a Pug, nags while performing its daily activity, the owner has to make sure that the dog is kept busy all the time. This breed is intolerant towards to heat and extreme weather. So the owner has to make sure that the doesn’t stay outside for a prolonged period.

This odd and unusual breed can suffer from health problems such as walking dandruff, where one can see heavy dandruff around areas like the neck, and surrounding places. Pug Dog Encephalitis is a deadly brain disease, and diagnosis happens after the patient dies. Nerve degeneration affects the older dogs. Different eye problems like corneal ulcers and dry eyes can affect this breed. Epilepsy can cause the dog to have frequent doses of seizures. A dog can also suffer from different allergies. Demodicosis is regular is this breed, as this breed naturally carries the mites responsible for the condition.

Training & Feeding

The Pug will need early socialization. The owner has to make sure that the dog gets frequent exposure to the different environment, along with occasional interaction with different people. Early socialization will make sure that the dog comes out as a perfect house pet. Enrolling the young pup in a kindergarten school will be a great start to train it.

Our recommendation will be half to one cup of high-quality dry foods for the dogs. The food should be divided into two servings in a day. How much a dog eats, highly depends on various factors. It’s highly individualistic. These factors include things like age, size, build, activity level, and metabolism. A thorough consultation with the vet in this regard in highly needed.

Pomeranian

History

The dog is named after the area of northeastern Europe Pomerania, part of western Germany now. Hundred years ago it was there, but ancestors bred them down into a much bigger size later. Pomeranian also is known as Pom or Zwergspitz is a miniature dog, and it is one of the smallest spitz breeds. Its elegant appearance makes them fit for queens, and it became more famous due to Queen Victoria who loves this breed.

Pomeranian

Temperament, Exercise & Health Problems

These puppies are vivacious and smart, they like the company of new people. They mix well with kids and other pets, but their interaction should be checked as children can knock them down while playing which can make them aggressive. They make perfect watchdogs and bark to inform their owner if they find any suspicious activity inside its territory. Command training is crucial to stop their unwanted barking. Their disposition entirely depends upon their hereditary socialization and training.

They are relatively energetic and require adequate exercise to keep them happy and healthy. Take them for long walks, jogs and offer sufficient playtime to keep up with their health. Visiting Dogs Park once a week will not keep them fit, but also socializes them. These puppies have a thick and double undercoat and require three to four times brushing a week. Their nails, ears will need checking once a week brush their tooth twice a week keeps up with their oral health.

They are healthy breeds, but suffer from some health problems like other pets. However, not all pets suffer from these diseases but can be seen in most of them. But with random Veterinarian check-up will keep them in good health.

Major Problems

  • Epilepsy
  • Allergies
  • Eye Problems
  • Legg Perthes Disease
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Collapsed Trachea
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Dental Problems

Occasional Tests

  • Complete Body check up
  • X-Ray of joints and Hip
  • Blood Tests
  • Eye Checkups

Training & Feeding

Training them is moderately easy as they are intelligent. They pick up tricks very quickly and require minimum repetitions. They should be trained not to bark, from an early age because they are excessive barkers.  Commands training like, “Come,” “sit,” “No,” “Yes” etc. will enhance communication between the pet and the owner. Obedience and Socialization training from an early age will make the pet calmer and well behaved. However, if one is a first-time owner, one can opt for a professional trainer as they know the right tricks. Positive reinforcement will enhance the entire training system.

To keep up their energy level owners will need to provide 1 ½ cups to 2 cups of dry dog foods. Homemade food rich in protein will also be useful for them. Before opting for homemade recipes, one must know the right ingredients for them, as they tend to suffer from allergies and eating substances like flour, wheat or specific meat can trouble them. Meals should be divided into two or three halves for better digestion.

Papillon

History, Personality, Exercise & Health Problems

In the fifteenth century, a French name was given to this dog. During those days, these little wonders turned into sprightly winged ones from the floppy-eared styled ones. The latter is still very popular among this breed’s enthusiasts. These dogs were highly popular in the royal scene, along with the artists in those days. During those days, Spain and Italy were the most important breeding countries of these dogs. Few notable enthusiasts of this breed are Loius XIV, Marie Antoinette, and King Henry II. In the twentieth century, these dogs gradually started getting an appreciation for their looks.

The Papillon is a massively energetic dog, and interestingly most of them are unaware of their sheer compact size. Many can find themselves surrounded by the larger breeds, and in such a scenario, may get nervous and disoriented. Like any other toy breeds, these dogs are also not shy and anxiety prone.  They are famous for their high on intelligence level and is counted among one of the most expensive breeds in the world. When they are mixing with small kids, close supervision from the elders is highly needed. They can be highly sociable if socialization happens at an early stage for them.

Contrary to popular beliefs, these dogs mostly need mental stimulations. The owner will have to provide daily doses of activities for the dogs. This breed needs activities to occupy its mind, throughout the entire day. If deprived of exercises for a prolonged period, these dogs will become grumpy and can dispose of their excessive barking skills.

Papillon

They have a lifespan of about fifteen years and are susceptible to various health issues. These multiple problems include things like dental issues, which are prone to small breeds. Patellar Luxations and seizures are common in this breed. Along with these diseases, this breed can suffer from problems like open Fontane, progressive retinal atrophy, allergies, and Intervertable disc disease along with few other illnesses. Preventive tests for the knees, hemophilic disorder, and Willebrand’s disease should be done for these diseases.

Training & Feeding

Papillons respond to gentle and slow training. They might become aloof and unresponsive if constantly being scolded. The trainer should have patience while training these creatures. They’re an eagerness to learn new things will make the entire training process much easier for the trainer.

Vets advise using pet foods wisely for this breed, and the quality of the food should not be compromised. The quantity should be the same as given to any other dog of this size. A diet rich in nutrients is appropriate for this breed. Commercially available foods should be given, as needed in a day and. Keep an eye on their weight as these dogs might get overweight if fed beyond the prescribed quantity.

Norfolk Terrier

Known as closes cousin to Norwich terrier, the Norfolk terrier originated in East Anglia, England. An Englishman created a hybridization of Glen of Imaal Terriers and a dark brindle Cairn type bitch to a working dog from Norwich named Rags. With working terriers of Cambridge, Norwich and Market Harborough he crossed the offspring to create a fearless and sturdy breed later considered as Norwich terrier by the Kennel Club (England) in 1932. This breed is a quintessential terrier, which is fierce and feisty at the same time. As a faithful companion and as well as an accomplished ratter, it delights its guardian.

Norfolk Terrier

This dog has an energetic and lively temperament while having a natural love for children. Although the character is generally right to the standard for lovable disposition and not quarrelsome, this breed has a habit of digging, catching rats and mice and for dispatching birds or two. Among the terrier group, this breed along with Norwich Terriers, have the softest temperament. They must get along with other dogs and work in packs. Their activity level is generally reflective of their environment. To activate the minds, these dogs need toys. It is not safe to leave them alone for too long since they start to bark, dig and chew other items in the house.

With harder outercoat and soft undercoat, this terrier has a double coat, which insulates the body from heat and cold.

These dogs are generally healthy. But checking of heart, eye and patellar luxation is necessary. They are prone to epilepsy. Brushing of teeth with toothpaste formulated for dogs is often required. To ensure that the dog has a healthy and long life, a regular visit to the vet for checkups and parasite control is necessary.

To stay healthy and happy, this dog needs a moderate amount of exercise. The boundless energy of this dog will get expend with socialization, long walks and games of fetch with the owner. While on an outing, they should be on a leash and when it is free, it is to be kept in the fenced yard due to the active nature and extremely high prey drive. They are fit for an apartment, due to the size.

Norfolks are geared to be more gregarious than the typical independent terrier, and they hunt in packs. If done in a right manner, they are easy to train. By reward system, these beautiful canines give best results. It is not appropriate to think that it will understand, whatever you ask of him. He must be shown what you mean by the word.

The breeder will give a feeding schedule for the Norfolk Terrier. Feeding the same puppy food is essential. Otherwise, it can create tummy upset. Changing of diet can be a gradual process, and that will need time. Adult Norflocks can be fussy eaters and two times meals are given to them. The requirement of fresh water is a must for these dogs every time.

Havanese

History, Personality, Exercise & Health Problems

These highly affectionate dogs have a distinctive personality which easily pleases everyone. The early Spanish settlers came and settled in Cuba. With them, they also brought the early ancestors of Havanese. Those early races interbred and were restrained within a particular area, and eventually, the Havanese breed came into the scene. Their signature silky coat gave them a distinctive appearance. They also made their existence felt in the aristocratic families in Cuba. Their numbers dwindled in the past and were on the verge of getting extinct in the eighteenth century.

Havanese

They are gentle and fun-loving breed, and continuously craves human attention. The owner can see the dog following him from room to room, and can even get anxious when it doesn’t get proper attention. Most dogs come with an intelligent mind, and will constantly try to impress the family members with their clownish acts. Some tend to sit at a place and enjoy the world continue with its work. The owner’s lap can be a safe den for few of the species. The temperament of the dog can be an issue for some. The nature of the dog can get influenced by different factors such as individual training, hereditary, and socialization. The young pups are always curious about the surroundings.

Despite their small and compact size, these little wonders need a fair amount of activities to burn the extra calories which most of them develop in their growing years. A long walk in the park will do make their muscles and bones strong. The owner can also arrange the game of fetch once in a while for the dog.

This species can develop conditions like Hip dysplasia, where the hip joints get affected due to degeneration. Elbow dysplasia, which is similar to hip dysplasia, and is the disease of the elbow joints. Chondrodysplasia is the disformity of the limbs. Legg-Perthes disease is the condition of the hip joint balls. Cataracts, an eye disease which can cause massive vision loss. Also, they can have some other disorders such as Patellar luxation, deafness, Heart Murmur, and Mitral Valve syndrome.

Training & Feeding

Some may need things like leash training in the long run. Some can get disobedient at times. To prevent this, they will need an obedience training in their early childhood days. Well, house training can be a challenging task for the Havanese breed. Crate training is a must.

Our recommendation will be half to one cup of high-quality dry foods for the dogs. The food should be divided into two servings in a day. How much a dog eats, highly depends on various factors. It’s highly individualistic. These factors include things like age, size, build, activity level, and metabolism. A thorough consultation with the vet in this regard in highly needed.

French Bulldog

History

Originated in England, in the city of Nottingham, French bulldog found its second home in the country of France. With the local lace workers, they are favorite pets while keeping them company and riding their workrooms of rats. These dogs became popular with the French shopkeepers and ultimately made the name in the new country. This breed also became popular with the members of the Paris Bohemian class in the late 19 and 20th century. The Frenchie has gained enormous popularity in the past decade. Today it ranks 21st among all the breeds.

French Bulldog

The Frenchie as it is often known is best known for the adaptability and charm. It loves everyone it meets and will go with anyone who is willing to provide it a lap. For their quite attentiveness, there is love for the breed. Without making a nuisance of themselves, they follow their people around from one room to other. They will tap the person with their paw to seek their attention. Barking judiciously, they are high alert breed. The temperament of this breed is very stubborn. With specific and gentle technique, motivation is given to the dog. They learn quickly with right reward and especially when they have an audience, this breed will find their spin on tricks or command.

The dog is quite destructive at certain times, as they like to maul their toys, playing away with each other’s toys and perform squeakerectomies. Choking toys like pig ears, rawhides, and dental chews are strict no for this breed. Hiding games are the favorite of this breed, and they like people search for them. It is easy to handle this breed since it does not need too much carving all through the day. Without running the risk of overworking your dog, the perfect amount of exercise for them is playtime and short walks. Hence running and walking is very important for this dog. Minimum walking time of 15 to 20 minutes is required. This breed is prone to specific health problems. One such symbol is airway syndrome. They suffer from obstructive breathing problems, due to their compressed tissues and bones. There can be laryngeal collapse and narrowing of nasal cavities.

After minimal exercise, they face labored breathing problems. For improve breathing and airflow, sometimes surgery is done. The Fenchies can suffer from a spinal condition called intervertebral disc disease and spinal malformations. Reproductive problem is not the exception but norm. They also face cataract and malabsorption disorder.  Since this dog is stubborn, hence training is done with firm and fair attitude. They will assist in practice if they understand its place in the family hierarchy. Fun and patience are the critical parts of the training schedule.

French bulldog loves to eat fish, chicken, lamb, and beef. There are some premium dog foods like grain free kibble, which is also useful for this dog.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

History, Personality, Exercise, & Health Problems

Popularly known for its tail-wagging tendency, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is undoubtedly a cute small dog. It is a new breed, and has a prototype is the toy spaniel, that has an existence in the royal scene for ages. They can be seen in many paintings worldwide, by some notable artists, such as Gainsborough and Van Dyck. Distinctive works from the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth century, these spaniels with high set ears, flat heads, and a longish nose.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

This gregarious species tends to meet anyone who crosses its path, and if the stranger happens to be a dog enthusiast, and knows how to deal with a species like this, then trust us, the cavalier will be an excellent companion. Just like any other breed, the Cavalier also comes in a variety of nature. They can range from the quieter ones to the ones with a more rowdy personality. Freak not, if the pet disposes of habits like banging around in the house all the time. They won’t be an excellent choice as watchdogs, and might or might not bark when they stumble upon a stranger. Well, there can be exceptions when it comes to the watchdog ability. So, if one is looking for a dog with great watchdog skills, then buying an alarm clock will instead be a great choice.

As they naturally have a quiet and lazy nature, the Cavaliers will make an apt candidate for an apartment living. They will stay calmed and silent, with a moderately active self. A small yard is enough to satiate their exercise needs. Once in while walk, with the leash on, is a must with this breed. At times, out of excitement, they can run in front of a car, to catch a bird. It will adjust its activity schedule according to the needs of the owner. One should avoid walking this breed in warm sunny days, as they are heat intolerant.

This breed can have health issues such as Mitral Valve Syndrome, where the heart gets affected. It starts with heart murmurs and goes on to the last stage, that’s heart failure. Cavaliers develop this condition at an early age. Secondly, Episodic Falling, where the dog remains conscious during a sudden fall or seizures. Signs range from mild to massive doses of unexpected falls. Some other conditions are Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (Dry Eye), Patellar Luxation, and Syringomyelia (SM).

Training & Feeding

Some can be highly intelligent and will make the overall training process much easier and comfortable for the trainer. Some can dispose of habits like mouthiness, which directly means to nip, play bite, and chew frequently. Some can have a high prey drive, thus needs training accordingly. Few can even have a wanderlust tendency, along with having a habit of howling. Therefore, these dogs will need obedience training at the beginning itself.

How much a dog eats, highly depends on various factors. These factors include things like age, size, build, activity level, and metabolism. A thorough consultation with the vet in this regard in highly needed.

Boston Terrier

History, Personality, Exercise & Health Problems

This American gentleman was bred to be a fierce pit fighter. The popular notion is that this breed came into the scene in the late eighteen hundred, in Boston, Massachusetts. One folklore says that these dogs were developed by wealthy families by crossing the now extinct, English white terriers and the Bulldogs. Records state that there was a dog called Judge, an earlier ancestor, from which the Boston Terrier came into existence. An account says that there was a couple named Judge and Kate, this breed’s ancestors. Though the first offspring was an ugly one. Later on, this breed was refined and rebred. The modern Boston Terrier is the hard work of the breeders from those days that now we see these little wonders around us.

Having the popular name of an American gentleman, the Boston Terrier is a lovely dog, with an affectionate nature. They are equally smart and intelligent. But, at times, they can be stubborn, which can make them difficult to handle. Some have a reputation of being excessively active and may demand an excess of time from the owner.

These dogs don’t have an excessive exercise requirement. They are mostly inactive indoors and are perfect for apartment living. The dog will enjoy a long walk with its owner, but the owner has to make sure that the dog remains appropriately leashed. The owner can engage the dog in playful sessions with him, which he will enjoy wholeheartedly. These are mainly house dogs, and outside the housing, won’t be a perfect choice for these dogs. Like many other dogs, these dogs cannot tolerate extreme weather.

Boston Terrier

The Boston Terriers can have multiple health issues like, cataracts, cherry eyes, etc. which can massively bother the eyes. Patellar Luxation is a condition of the joints and affects the femur, tibia, and patella, and causes lameness in the legs. Heart murmurs are the soft, harsh, regurgitant, sound in the heart, and creates backward flowing of the blood into the heart. This breed has a high tendency of suffering from deafness in one or both ears. Brain tumors can result in death. Allergies can make the dog’s daily life full of irritation. Megaesophagus is the disease where the dog regurgitates the undigested food. Along with all these, the dog can also suffer from reverse sneezing.

Training & Feeding

They are stubborn, so needs consistent training. At times they will be unresponsive and will require strict handling. Like any other breed of this size, they are hard to forecast, when it comes to their temperament. They will need early socialization, as well as crate training, obedience training. The trainer has to have the patience to handle and train these lovely creatures.

The recommended amount is up to one and a half cup of dog food on a daily basis. But the measurement will vary from dog to dog. The owner will have to discuss with the vet in this regard.

Bichon Frise

History

Bichon Frise is a purebred dog, it is known to have existed many centuries ago in Mediterranian. It is a member of a group of little white dogs family that called Barbichon. It became very popular amongst the island’s sailor and was transported from one continent to another and became an essential item of export and import. It became very famous in various countries of Italy, France, and Spain. During the two World Wars, it was on the verge of extinction, but some fanciers saved them, and it was recognized in the country in 1933 as “Bichon of the Curly hair.” It got recognition in the miscellaneous class by AKC in 1971, and the Bichon Frise Club of America at San Diego was founded in 1964.

Temperament, Exercise & Health problems

Bichon Frise puppies like the company of its owner and like to spend some quality time with them. This fluffy dog has a bold, lively, affectionate, independent and happy disposition. They often have mood swings and can suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for a longer duration. They go well with children, but their interactions should be monitored as while playing kids can hurt them unwontedly. Their fluffy coat requires medium grooming. Brush them thrice a week to keep their coat shine, clean, tangle free and to remove mats. For first-time owners, professional groomers are advisable. Check their ears and nails every week.

Dogbreed

These puppies are energetic and lively. Hence, require great exercising schedule. Taking them for long walks, jogs will be ideal. Owners can also take them to the Dog’s park, it will not only provide them an open space to play but will even socialize them. To provide mental stimulation offer them puzzle toys it will keep them busy and also mentally stimulated. Additionally, they will love to play games like ball chasing, first be, hide and seek and many more.

Generally, it is a healthy breed, but sometimes it suffers from various health problems like bladder infections, allergies, cataracts, luxating patella and other eye problems. They tend to lose their tooth at an early age and also suffer from different types of gum infections. Therefore, it is advisable to brush their tooth at least twice a week to keep oral problems at bay. Regular ear cleaning will prevent ear infections. However, a random visit to the veterinarian can keep the puppy healthy and happy.

Training & Feeding

They are intelligent, friendly and easy to train. They have the willingness to learn and can pick up command and tricks easily without repetitions. They are very sensitive, and no harsh measures should be taken to train the pet, but positive reinforcement will train the pet faster.

Dry dog food or homemade food rich in nutrients and protein will keep up with its energy level. Canned food is optional, dividing meals into two halves will ensure proper digestion.